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Dates, rich in iron, vitamins and mineral salts, they are a fruit already known at the time of the Egyptians who exploited its properties by tasting its flavor. Could be eaten fresh or dry, by those who need energy immediately or to take a whim with a healthy snack at the same time sweetly rewarding.
Dates: plant and fruit
Typical fruit ofMediterranean Africa and in the countries of western Asia, the date grows on the date palm which fortunately is very long-lived, enough to live and produce for over 300 years at a rate of 50 kilos of dates per year. To ensure these numbers, it must be able to reach considerable dimensions, at least 30 meters high.
The areas where the date palm grows best are Egypt, the Persian Gulf, the Canary Islands and the United States, in our peninsula we find it in Sicily, especially in Palermo but it is a presence only for ornamental purposes, we have to import dates.
Let's go straight into the merits, getting to know the advantages we can have by eating these fruits regularly: first of all we can lower cholesterol since they contain very little fat, they are also an incredible natural anti-inflammatory. In case of cold and irritation of the respiratory system, a cure of dates can help and, in view of the winter, let's take this into account.
Also for the heart and circulation, qhis fruit is useful since it is rich in potassium and low in sodium, the high iron content then transforms it into a remedy for anemia.
Even if you do not suffer from any of the ailments listed above, you can always get benefits by eating dates which, thanks to natural sugars contained, sare a healthy sweetener for foods and drinks of various kinds. Even for those who are healthy, they are excellent abundant amounts of vegetable fibers which provide dates, along with vitamins of group B, such as vitamins B1, B2, B3 and B5, and vitamin C. All these elements facilitate digestion and provide energy even to sportsmen.
A classic are the dates for breakfast, they are a real sprint to start the day with a convinced smile, even if inserted in fruit smoothies or pieces together with fruit and cereals. mix with yogurt like a granola. Another part of the body that benefits from dates are the eyes, while those who have to be careful about eating them are diabetics or those who follow special diets.
Dates: calories and nutritional values
A pound of dates, about 10 fruits, contains about 250 kcal: among the many fruits it is quite caloric but most of the energy comes from carbohydrates which make up 60% of the weight. Proteins and fats represent only 2.5% and 0.7% of the weight of a date, rich instead of essential amino acids, mineral salts, especially magnesium, calcium, iron, potassium and zinc, of vitamins, especially B1, B2 and B6. Fibers are also abundant (about 8% of the weight) and it should always be remembered that these values greatly depend on the degree of hydration, fresh dates, base, they also contain a percentage of water, about 25% of the weight.
Imported, but we find them for sale both fresh and dried, we always make sure they are of organic origin: they are the best. In truth we can distinguish three varieties: soft, semi-soft and hard, those to eat fresh are the first, often even slightly larger than the second and hard ones. Semi-soft dates are dried and are i most loved and popular, the others are almost never eaten as fruits but we find them as ingredients in preparations for desserts or flours.
The dry ones are the ones we buy and eat most often, to break hunger, or at the end of dinner without exaggerating, given that as fruits they are quite sustained. In any case, we try to avoid those with artificial additives and glucose syrup preferring those not treated with industrial substances. Having found the ones that convince us, we can, for example, chop them, or even just break them up to put them in the filling of a cake, or soften them in water and blend them for sweeten natural drinks, fruit juices and cookies.
Not really for gluttony, more for treat constipation, we can soak a few dates in water for about ten hours and then drink the liquid obtained to awaken the intestine. If instead we want the dates to make us pass a cold, let's use them for a decoction of dates, just boil them in water for about ten minutes and then filter and sweeten what is obtained. Autumn and winter, with dates, are more bearable.
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